If you think, choosing the right “colour” is just about the only thing that matters when you want to paint your home, think again. There are a number of factors to consider – especially given the harsh Indian weather most homes are subjected to.
So let’s understand the process of choosing the right types of interior house paints – yep, you heard that right, it is a “process” and a research-driven one at that. It will not only help you save your time and effort but will also prove to be easy on your pockets. Let’s get started.
1. Interiors or Exteriors?: The Big Question for House Paints
The first question that needs answering is whether you wish to paint the interiors or the exteriors as there are different kinds of paints available to address the different kinds of needs. Let’s explore this further:
Paints used for the Interiors
- Distemper: It is cost-effective and easy-to-use; and is typically used for whitewashing walls. Con: It can fade away easily.
- Emulsion: It is durable, easy-to-maintain, and stains can be removed easily. Ideal for owners with children and/or pets.
- Enamel: Durable, expensive, and provides a glossy finish. Plus, it’s stain- and water-resistant and can be applied on metal and wooden surfaces.
Paints used for the Exteriors
- Emulsion: Offers resistance to fungi and mould, while retaining the look.
- Cement paint: It is an expensive but durable paint – ideal best for exposed surfaces like patios and garages.
2. Understand the “Paint-Base Type”
If you wish to have a specific character/vibe to your home, choosing the right “type” of paint base becomes an integral decision. Essentially, there are two types of paint you should factor in your requirements basis your needs of course:
a. Water-Based Paint
This is one of the most commonly used paints as it – as you may have guessed – primarily uses water as its key ingredient. Expert tip: Those who are looking to coat their home with a water-based paint, having already done an oil-based coating in the first round should ensure that the paint sticks as most often it does not. The solution is simple. First, wash the surface and use sandpaper to clean it so that it becomes dry. This will ensure that the new coat does not peel off.
Another thing to note is that there are a number of water-based paints such as “waterborne enamels” and “waterborne alkyds” available in the market today so make sure to understand which paint best suits your needs from the professional coming to your home. The best part about these kinds of paints is that it gives a smooth finish – much like the oil-based counterparts.
Key advantages of water-based paints:
- No pre-treatment needed
- Absence of mould growth
- Low toxic emissions
- Easy to care and maintain
- Dries quickly
- Elastic & flexible finish
- Resistant to cracking
- Applicable to all kinds of surfaces
- No fading in sunlight
b. Oil-Based Paint
If you’re looking for durability and a rich finish, oil-based paint is preferable. However, there are a couple of pointers to keep in mind if opting for an oil-based paint:
- Oil-based paints emit strong fumes and take longer to dry
- You cannot wash the paint with water; you need solvents like turpentine for washing brushes or other materials
Next, let’s look at the advantages of using oil-based paint:
- Offers an attractive sheen and gloss
- Excellent for spaces with high moisture like bathroom/kitchen
- Offers a smooth and levelled finish
- Extends a hard, durable finish
3. Kinds of Paint Finishes
The next most important thing to consider is how the paint will look after it dries. Typically, there are three kinds of finish you can expect:
Matte: If you wish to hide marks on walls/ceilings and want great colour depth, go for the matte finish. It offers very low gloss and comes with a velvety texture that may need some after-care. Additionally, it offers a calm and serene look-and-feel.
Satin & eggshell: If a silky, soft sheen is what you desire, go for this finish. It is durable and generally used in bathrooms and kitchens. Note that while eggshell may be easier to apply it doesn’t offer the same silky-smooth finish as satin.
Gloss: Highly-reflective and long-lasting, it requires multiple coats of paint – again, ideal for highlighting stains/flaws. If you’re looking to make a bold statement and want an energetic vibe in the room, gloss should be your go-to paint finish type. Note that this is generally used in bathrooms, kitchens, doors, accent walls, etc.
A couple of points to remember before you go:
- You can mix and match different kinds of finishes to get a “hybrid”, more textured look however make sure to consult a professional before proceeding. For example, you can go for a stripe of full-gloss finish on a matte wall in the same colour to create a contrasting, textured look. If you’re looking for trendy furniture to go with your newly painted home, browse through Furlenco’s unique collection.
- Remember that different kinds of house paints offer different effects during day and night so make sure to see the paint at both times during a test-run for a foolproof look.
- An obvious suggestion, but choose the paint depending on the layout of the room and the quality of natural light it receives.
- Note that the colour of your wall will seem brighter than the swatch because of the wall’s bigger surface area.
- Go for the best paint and painting tools and don’t compromise on the quality or else you’ll end up spending a lot more in maintenance.