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PH00191A Pavilions of Metropolitan France (left) and the City of Paris (right) – 1935 International Exposition – Brussels – Belgium – Photo – 1935

By | January 15, 2020

PH00191A Pavilions of Metropolitan France (left) and the City of Paris (right) - 1935 International Exposition - Brussels - Belgium - Photo - 1935

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p>Pavilion of Metropolitan France designed by Montarnal & Carnu

In front of the Avenue du Centenaire, the French Section, the largest of the exhibition, included the Palace of Metropolitan France and the Pavilion of the City of Paris; the Palace of France Overseas, with representation from all the settlements that make up the Colonial Empire of the Republic – and Soukhs, their "double" quaint; the Pavilion of Agriculture and the Water and Forestry, restoring the family home of Jean de la Fontaine, Chateau-Thierry. To all this, it is worth joining even the important part that took France to the exhibition Art of the Old and Modern Art, and the representation of its major railway networks in the Central Hall, turned into station model. the Palace of metropolitan France stood behind the Pavilion of the City of Paris, which seemed to announce; floors of flowerbeds, terraces to the French, served as his peristyle. Three doors opened at the top of a staircase in a façade with simple lines, curved and decorated with three panels covered extensively, representing France at work. Mr. Souverbie had translated "fine arts," Ms Natacha Carlu "Trade" and Chastel "Industry". The plans of all were Montarnal Carlu and architects. These three doors gave access to the large hall, or VIP lounge, decorated with a beautiful image of France, by Landowski, two figures Mallet, aimed at monument of Claude Debussy; noble ancient tapestries. For a lovely thought, he had topped furniture, rugs, trinkets (sandstone, glass, wrought iron, porcelain) made ​​by the best artists of France. Also well represented were the shipments of large publishing houses, combining with the image of famous writers to the very artists presenting their work, due to the typographers, illustrators, bookbinders that continue the great traditions of the edition of France . Behind, a circular sitting room was also decorated with modern tapestries and sculpture pieces, chosen among the most beautiful: the God Mars (Janiot), the original cast of "Victor Hugo", Rodin, the "Cezanne" Maillol , works by Gimond and Drivier; cartons of tapestries were Jeaulmes painter. Immediately beyond, opened the section called "Home of the French family." A suite of rooms followed, furnished and decorated in the most modern taste attractive to the point that recurred wonders of Paris 1925. Mr. Maurice Dufrene, assisted by a team of collaborators that would include all, had achieved real wonders here, accessible to everyone: the central hall, the rotunda, the galleries, the large living room, dining room, boudoir, office, room parents, the children, the room and the studio of the young man, the bedroom of the girl, the rest area, the room reserved for physical culture, the bathroom … discreetly trimmed practical furniture, dark or bright colors, perfectly adapted to their destination, adorned with art objects which housed the greatest names in painting, sculpture, ceramics, glass of French. The "Foyer Family" gave a high idea of the designs and the French contractors achievements on the eve of the Paris Exhibition of 1937. Naturally (because the various sections which shared this palace had been grouped in a strictly logical order) then met the architecture and urbanism compartment. then followed the compartments of the Navy and Merchant Marine; the highlight was the model of the "Normandie" and reproduction – nature- size of a cabin of the transatlantic famous. The walls, covered with beautiful polished wood were decorated Navy bulwark whose bright colors contrasted with the dark and luxurious background. Then came the Transport, Mechanics, Mining, Ventilation, Household Arts, the big and the small Mechanics, which stands enjoyed an attractive presentation. There was also a small crowded movie theater. In addition to the locomotives and wagons in the Model Railway, the French Railways exposed posters, photographs, dioramas, completing the tourism section on the other were share Cities and VVV. The highlight of their participation was the train in which one could cross all France, or visit from week to week, one of the most scenic areas; a controller called "travelers" to take place; the whistle, the train seemed to start. And front window panes, took place the most beautiful landscapes of France, evoked by a moving diorama. A little distance, we could see the models of major French ports and impressive set of maritime signals, sound and light; the fog signal, among others, could be operated by the visitor. Then again, the compartments of automobiles, bodywork, hides and skins, chemical and pharmaceutical products, toys, mineral waters and spas. Each section followed that logically precedes it. Indeed, after spas, coming ceramics and food: famous chocolates, pasta and famous biscuits, and in a cellar, beers, wines, liqueurs … We could see in small windows of interesting objects ancients steps, tasting cups, signs, from wine-growing regions and dating back several centuries. The same concern for art and history was marked by several compartments again – in one of Weights and measures, for example, where beautiful decorated instruments, armorial, chiseled side with those of the present, more modest; in the compartments dedicated to works of Hygiene and Social Welfare, with the new models of the Beaujon Hospital, childcare or processing centers of various diseases; . in that of photography and music The heart of the Palace of France was reserved for fashion, adornment: display cases where the "silky" Lyon weavers, drapers North exposed colorful wonders of all colors of the rainbow in the sky; narrow corridors around which, in glass booths, sparkling treasures of Golconda, implemented by the genius goldsmiths, jewelers of Paris; other enclosures where in bottles of various shapes the soul flowers sleeping captive, under the glare of incense. In a circular temple, the irony of the fashion designers seem to fashion today the body of a beautiful Greek statue still under these attires. And later we met the "Gentlemen’s Corner" with mannequins fun, giant ties; or retrospective showcases, with fashion plates yellowed, suppliers invoices "Her Majesty the Empress and Queen Maria Louisa" amorous frivolities … This compartment of grace and feminine elegance in the center of as serious stands, informative, compelling, moving, it was the image of France, smiling and serious, cheerful and courageous at a time. © the Golden Book of the Brussels 1935 World Fair


Pavilion of the City of Paris designed by Montarnal

At the corner of avenues Centennial and Bouchout, the Pavilion of the City of Paris, designed by architect Montamal, raised its slender tower, crowned with the emblematic nave always floats and never dark. It was inspired from that Henry Favier forged iron, the Municipal Council of the Paris office. Surrounding the building, small gardens decorated with box trees, flower beds with red and blue flowers evoked the colors of the City of Light. The facade was decorated with six panels, 8 meters high and 3 meters wide, panels tracing monumental history of Paris, the Thermes de Julien modern buildings, raised on the site of demolished fortifications; one saw in turn the Sainte Chapelle and Roy Saint Louis, Louis XIV and the colonnade of the Louvre, Napoleon, Invalides and the Arc de Triomphe. On the back of the pavilion another high relief evoked the ship of weapons of Paris, surrounded by symbols. These works of art were due to MM. Vezien, Chauvel, Bouchard, Apple Tree, Jaumot, Bachelet, Fish, Delamarre, Arnold Gueret … The entrance to the VIP lounge, commissioned by seven gates, wrought iron, was adorned with a large mural reminiscent, too, aspects and monuments of Paris, and executed by the Municipal School of drawing applied to industry Fresco Workshop. L’Ecole Boulle, under the direction of Marcel Chariot, was decorated and furnished the VIP lounge. Rosewood center table, semi-circular, on which rested a bronze cup, decorated with carved five naves. Basically, a massive furniture, adorned with a wide light shield bearing the arms of Paris, garlands of hops France and Belgium; silver-gilt sconces evoking the Belgian lion, the Gallic rooster. A group representing Traverse bronze "Diana Actaeon pursuing" a grid of wrought iron which stood the Paris nave and pilasters supporting bright vases completed the decoration of this strong set admired. The nearby hall was divided into six compartments – a tad harsh for those who expected to see not represented here as the Paris of the luxurious and easy life; they demonstrated the contrary, that the City of Light cares about its role in a modern capital city, its duties towards its people. And we saw a succession, represented by models, dioramas, illuminated maps, development of the Paris region, the destruction of fortifications, construction of multi-unit buildings, the creation of parks and plains games on land made ​​available – just outside the doors of Vincennes and Italy, among others; supply, security of Paris – Les Halles and the training of Firefighters; the demolition of slums – shown by the edge of the City Hall, the old districts of Saint-Gervais and the Marais, where the picturesque lovers afflicted much some disappear inconvenient home, but if characteristics; and plan the Sceaux Park, reemerged from the ruins of the past; and University City, initiating a future we want to see him smile, despite everything; Adornments and Paris, symbolized by the ancient gardens, those famous, the Tuileries and Luxembourg; those born yesterday, on the banks of the Seine, in the shadow of the famous towers of Notre-Dame and Saint-Severin … The Zoo de Vincennes, the object of amused curiosity to most visitors; and even the plans of the 1937 Exhibition In the center, locked up showcases the work of students in vocational schools, toiletries a delicate taste; a large diorama, deep, evoked by an attention to which all Belgians were very sensitive the visit of King Leopold II and Queen Marie-Henriette to the Court of the Tuileries, at the 1867 Universal Exhibition; it recognized 1 Sovereigns are Belgians, the Impératice Eugenie, Countess of Merode, Princess of Essling, Countess of Bassano, Baron Haussmann … It was another page of the history of Paris this recall the Franco-Belgian friendship. the architect had sought, outside and inside, to achieve the greatest simplicity of lines. The tower was full height, lit by bright grooves; powerful searchlights gave off the nave, the facade and the silver vessel, which seemed to sail to the treetops. © The Golden Book of the 1935 Brussels World Fair



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